Photography allows us to capture some of the best moments and memories, share life’s joy and tell beautiful stories. It doesn’t matter if you’re trying to capture some of the best moments of your child growing up, or you’re looking to post a creative photo on social media, or you’re going on a trip. There are many reasons why photography is essential, and there are many opportunities for pictures in our everyday lives.
However, it may be pretty intimidating if you don’t use a camera often and aren’t used to this photo equipment. Thankfully, it’s something that you can get over quickly with some essential photography tips. Even if you’re an expert using a camera, there’s no wrong with reminding yourself about some of these crucial tips. It’ll surprise you how useful you’ll find these tips. Here’s a compilation of some basics for your consumption.
- Shooting mode
The shooting mode determines the level of control you have over yourself versus the camera while taking pictures. You have the option to give the camera more power or for you to take charge. You can use the Auto mode if you’re looking to point & shoot. However, this won’t help you improve your photography skills.
The full-auto mode limits you to only shooting in Jpg format, and the image exposure cannot be changed. Overriding the flash is another thing that you don’t have the freedom to do. These limitations are likely to frustrate your use of the camera with time.
So, it makes more sense to put the camera in Manual mode. This gives you more opportunity to learn everything about the ISO, aperture, and shutter speed as they affect each other and balance all of them together for better exposure.
As you practice with the manual mode, you’ll be able to use P (Program mode – where the camera controls shutter and aperture while you can adjust other aspects of exposure), Av or A (aperture priority – where you control aperture and the camera handles the shutter speed), and Tv or S (shutter priority – where you control shutter and the camera handles the aperture).
- Shutter speed
The mechanical part of the camera that closes and opens at a different set time is the shutter. The shutter is measured in fractions of seconds and seconds. If the camera has a slow shutter speed, 5 seconds, for instance, it means that you’ll capture plenty of movements within the frame. However, fast shutter speed, such as 1/500 seconds, means that the action will be frozen.
If you decide to shoot with a slower shutter speed than 1/60, it is recommended that you mount the camera on a tripod. Otherwise, the image will be a blur due to your hand movements.
This is a blended hole built in the camera lens that can open and close and affect the image’s field depth. The aperture can be controlled through a setting known as f stops. It has a slightly odd number system, but you will get around it very quickly.
The primary thing to note is that a small number, such as f/2.8, means that the hole is wide open and allows more light in, while a large number such as f/22 means that the gap is small and little light is allowed in.
There’s a maximum and minimum aperture setting on the lens. Similarly, the aperture is comprehensive when the number is low and narrow when the number is significant.
If you’re shooting macro photography or close-up, you’ll have to use a higher number to give a narrower depth of field and allow you to focus more on the subject. However, you may need to use different aperture techniques for other subjects. For instance, if you aim for a blurred background in portraiture and focus on your subject, you must pick a low aperture number. The placement of your subject relative to your background distance also has its effect.
The ISO is the sensitivity of the camera’s sensor. Setting the ISO to a small number means that the camera’s sensitivity to light is reduced, giving high-quality results. This is more appropriate when you’re in bright sunshine. If you’re in low light, you must push the setting to a high number to have higher light sensitivity. However, the image quality will reduce, and you may start to notice some noise, such as speckled dots at very large numbers. So you should check your camera’s ISO settings to determine where the noise sets in.
These are some of the essential tips for photography that you have to pay attention to. Although there are many others, a knowledge of these basics is important.
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